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 great tit

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المساهمات : 218
تاريخ التسجيل : 15/07/2009

02082018
مُساهمةgreat tit

great tit

The great tit (Parus major) is a passerine bird in the tit family Paridae
It is a widespread and common species throughout Europe, the Middle East, Central and Northern Asia, and parts of North Africa where it is generally resident in any sort of woodland; most great tits do not migrate except in extremely harsh winters

Appearance: Familiar visitors to gardens and bird tables. Head mainly black with
white cheek patch. Yellow belly marked with a broad medial black stripe. Back greenish grey.
Size: Length 13.5–15 cm, weight 15–23 g.
Nest: In a hole or a nest box. Does not excavate its own nest holes. Nest made of moss, hair, wool and feathers, varies in size depending on the size of the hole.
Breeding: 6–12 eggs usually laid in April–May, incubated by female for 12–15 days. Fledglings leave nest within 16–21 days. Often breeds a second time the same summer.
Occurrence: Breeds throughout Finland, though only in certain localities in Lapland. Finnish breeding population estimated at 1.5–2 million pairs.
Migration: Mainly sedentary, but some birds may migrate, or roam for distances up to hundreds of kilometres, especially between September and November, returning in April.
Diet: Seeds, Invertebrates. Readily feeds at bird tables in winter.
Calls: Most commonly a Chaffinch-like “tvink” or a chattering “che-che-che”. Song a cheerful “ti-ti-tee” or a shorter “ti-tee” with many variations.
Great Tits are the largest and most familiar of the tits found in Finland. Their heads are bluish black with bright white cheek patches. A single broad black stripe runs down and along their bright yellow chests and bellies, resembling a necktie. Their wings and tail are greyish blue and their backs are yellowish green. Their wings are marked with a single white crosswise stripe. The sexes can be distinguished by the size and shape of their necktie markings. Males’ black stripes are broader, and also extend and widen towards the back of their bellies. The black colouring on males’ heads is also glossier. Great Tits have bluish grey legs, black beaks and dark brown irises.
Arabic: القرقف الكبير
Asturian: Branín, Veranín
Azerbaijani: Iri arıquşu
Belarusian: Вялікая сініца, Сініца вялікая
Bulgarian: Голям симигер, Голям симигер (Група major)
Bengali: বড় তিত
Breton: Ar pennglaou
Catalan: Ferrerico, Mallerenga carbonera
Catalan (Balears): Ferrerico
Valencian: Primavera
Czech: Sýkora konadra, sýkora koňadra, sýkora koňadra evropská
Chuvash: Кăсăя
Welsh: Titw mawr
Danish: musvit, Musvit (major), sortmejse
German: Kohlmeise, Kohlmeise [major Gruppe]
Greek: kalogeros, καλόγερος
English: Eurasian Great Tit, Great Tit, Great Tit (Great), Intermediate Tit
English (India): European Great Tit (Great)
Esperanto: granda paruo
Spanish: Carbonero Comun, Carbonero Común, Carbonero Común (major), Herrerillo ciáneo
Spanish (Spain): Carbonero Común (Grupo major)
Estonian: rasvatihane
Basque: Kaskabeltz handia
Persian: چرخ‌ریسک بزرگ
Finnish: talitiainen
Faroese: Stórtita, stórtíta
French: Mésange charbonnière, Mésange charbonnière (nominal), Mésange charbonnière [major]
Frisian: blokfink
Irish: meantán mór
Gaelic: Currac Bhain Tighearna
Galician: Ferreiriño real
Manx: Drean Mooar
Hebrew: ירגזי, ירגזי מצוי (אירופי)
Croatian: sjenica velika, Velika Sjenica, Velika Sjenica (major grupa)
Hungarian: Széncinege, Széncinege [major csoport]
Armenian: Մեծ Երաժտահավ, Մեծ երաշտահավ
Indonesian: Burung Gelatuk-batu Kelabu, Gelatik batu, Gelatikbatu Kelabu
Icelandic: Flotmeisa, Flotmeisa (major)
Italian: Cinciallegra
Japanese: shijū-kara, shijuukara, yo-roppashijuukara (major guru-pu)
Japanese: シジュウカラ, ヨーロッパシジュウカラ (major グループ)
Japanese (Kanji): 四十雀
Georgian: დიდი წივწივა
Khakas: Кöгiзек
Kazakh: Сарыбауыр шымшық
Kazakh (Transliteration): sarı-bawır şımşıq
Korean: 박새
Korean (Transliteration): bak-sae
Cornish: Penglow bras
Latin: Parus cinereus, Parus major, Parus major [major Group], Parus major major
Luxembourgish: Schielmees
Limburgish: Zjwartkop
Lithuanian: Didžioji zyle, Didžioji zylė
Latvian: Lielā zīlīte, Lielā zīlīte (major gr.)
Macedonian: Голема сипка
Malayalam: ചാരമരപ്പൊട്ടന്‍
Mongolian: Их хөх бух, Их хөхбух
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Дууд задуулай
Mongolian (Transliteration): duud zaduulai, ikh khökh bukh, ikh khökh-bukh
Malay: Burung Serai Bakau
Maltese: Fjorentin
Dutch: koolmees, Koolmees (major groep)
Norwegian: kjøttmeis, kjøttmeis (major gr.)
Polish: Bogatka, bogatka (gr. major), bogatka (zwyczajna), bogatka zwyczajna, sikora bogatka
Pinyin: bái-jiá shān-què, bái-liǎn shān-què, bái-miàn gōng, bái-miàn zhī, dà shān-què, hēi-zi, huā-liǎn què, huā-liǎn wáng, huī shān-què, shān zǎizǎi hēi, yáng fèn-dàn, zǎizǎi-hēi, zhībo, zhīzhī hēi, zhī-zhī hóng, zǐ-guī niǎo, zǐzǐ hēi
Portuguese: Chapim-real
Portuguese (Portugal): Chapim-real [grupo major]
Romansh: maset grond
Romanian: Pițigoi mare, Piţigoi
Russian: Большая синица, Большая синица [группа major], Синица большая
Sardinian: Acutzaferru
Scots: Currac bhain tighearna
Sindhi: ؿ مَ يٍٕټ ث ٿٍِ
Northern Sami: buoidegaccet, fiskesgaccet
Slovak: sýkorka veľká
Slovenian: velika sinica
Albanian: trishtili i madh
Serbian: velika sjenica
Swedish: talgoxe , talgoxe [major Group]
Thai: นกติ้ดใหญ่, นกติ๊ดใหญ่, นกติตใหญ่
Thai (Transliteration): nók tít yày, nók tìt yày, nók tît yày
Turkish: Büyük baştankara, Büyük Baştankara [major Grubu], Сарыбауыр шымшық
Tuvinian: Улуг көк-хөкпеш
Ukrainian: Велика синиця, Синиця велика, Синиця велика [група major]
Vietnamese: Bạc má, Chim Bạc má
Chinese: 仔仔黑, 吇吇黑, 吱吱嘿, 吱吱红, 吱啵, 大山雀, 大山雀(欧洲), 子归鸟, 山仔仔黑, 灰山雀, 白脸山雀, 白面公, 白面只, 羊粪蛋, 花脸王, 花脸雀, 黑子
Chinese (Traditional): 仔仔黑, 吇吇黑, 吱吱嘿, 吱吱紅, 吱吱黑, 吱啵, 大山雀, 子歸鳥, 山仔仔黑, 灰山雀, 白臉山雀, 白面公, 白面只, 羊糞蛋, 花臉王, 花臉雀, 黑子
Chinese (Taiwan, Traditional): 白頰山雀
Chinese (Taiwan): 白頰山雀 , 白颊山雀

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