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  scarlet ibis

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المساهمات : 182
تاريخ التسجيل : 15/07/2009

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مُساهمة scarlet ibis

scarlet ibis


The scarlet ibis (Eudocimus ruber) is a species of ibis in the bird family Threskiornithidae. It inhabits tropical South America and
islands of the Caribbean. In form it resembles most of the other twenty-seven extant species of ibis, but its remarkably brilliant scarlet coloration makes it unmistakable. It is one of the two national birds of Trinidad and Tobago.


Geographic Range
scarlet ibis is found in northern South America, stretching from Venezuela to Eastern Brazil. It is nomadic, with seasonal shifts and migrations between different coastal locations and interior wetlands.

Habitat
scarlet ibis prefers swampy environments such as mud flats and shallow bays. It tends to reproduce and nest on dense brush-covered islands and mangroves near the mouths of rivers.




Physical Description
scarlet ibis is in the same family as spoonbills. Ibises have slightly webbed feet and a thin, down-curved bill. They fly with the bill forward and neck held straight. All ibises are long-legged and long-necked wading birds, but scarlet ibis can be characterized by its stunning red plumage and its glossy blue-black wing tips. This bright red color fades to pink in captive zoo birds, unless they are given a specific diet, which consists of high levels of protein and shrimp meat. Although the adults are brightly colored, the young are dull, with a grayish-brown color and white underbellies. Females and males are identical in coloration, but the male's body size and bill length are much larger. Scarlet ibises weigh between 0.772 to 0.935 g, are 55.8 to 76.2 cm long and have wingspans of 52.1 to 56.1 cm.

Reproduction
scarlet ibis has a colonial and social breeding system. Nests are generally built close to one another with more than one per tree. This is most likely done to reduce the risks of predation. Males use displays of preening, flights, head rubbing, and a rocking motion to attract mates. A female must be cautious when approaching a male, because he may actually attack her if she does not remain in his display area. Scarlet ibises are polygynous, the males often mate with more than one female.

Mating System polygynous
scarlet ibis begins visiting its colonial nesting sites by mid-September, egg-laying takes place between early November through December. The first egg is laid 5 to 6 days after copulation and there are usually 3 to 5 eggs in each nest. Eggs are not glossy, but are smooth. Incubation lasts between 19 to 23 days. Chicks fledge after 35 days and are independent in 75 days

Food Habits
scarlet ibis forages for food by either probing in water with its long bill or pecking for prey items on soil surfaces. Their main diet consists of crustaceans and aquatic invertebrates. Crayfish and small crabs compose a bulk of the diet, along with aquatic insects. Frogs, mollusks, small snakes and small fish are also prey for scarlet ibis.

Catalan: Ibis escarlata
Czech: Ibis nachový, ibis rudý
Danish: Rød Ibis
German: Roter Ibis, Roter Sichler, Scharlachibis, Scharlachsichler
English: Scarlet Ibis
Spanish: Corocora, Corocoro Rojo, Ibis Colorada, Ibis Escarlata
Spanish (Argentine): Ibis Escarlata
Spanish (Colombia): Corocora, Ibis rosado
Spanish (Cuba): Coco rojo
Spanish (Spain): Ibis Escarlata
Spanish (Panama): Ibis Escarlata
Spanish (Venezuela): Corocoro Colorado, Corocoro Rojo
Estonian: punaiibis (puna-lääsiibis)
Finnish: Rubiiniiibis, rubiini-iibis
French: Ibis rouge
Irish: Íbis scarlóideach
Croatian: Crveni ibis
Hungarian: Skarlátbatla
Italian: Ibis rosso, Ibis scarlatto, Ibis scrlatto, scarlatto
Japanese: shoujoutoki
Japanese: ショウジョウトキ
Latin: Eudocimes ruber, Eudocimus ruber, Guara rubra, Scolopax rubra
Lithuanian: Raudonasis ibis, Rusvasis ibis
Latvian: sarkanais ibiss
Dutch: Rode Ibis
Norwegian: Rødibis
Polish: ibis szkarlatny, ibis szkarłatny
Portuguese: Guara, guará, guará-piranga, guará-vermelho
Portuguese (Brazil): guara, Guará, guará-piranga, guará-vermelho
Portuguese (Portugal): Guará
Russian: Алый ибис, Ибис красный или алый, Красный Ибис
Slovak: Ibis červený, kvara cervená, kvara červená
Slovenian: Rdeci ibis, rdeci srpac
Serbian: Crveni ibis
Swedish: Röd ibis
Turkish: Al Aynak, Skarlet İbis
Chinese: 美洲红鹮
Chinese (Traditional): 紅鹮
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