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 chukar partridge

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المساهمات : 218
تاريخ التسجيل : 15/07/2009

30062018
مُساهمةchukar partridge

chukar partridge


The chukar partridge, or simply chukar (Alectoris chukar), also called Chukor , is a Eurasian upland gamebird in the pheasant family Phasianidae. It has been considered to form a superspecies complex along with the rock partridge, Philby's partridge and Przevalski's partridge and treated in the past as conspecific particularly with the first. This partridge has well marked black and white bars on the flanks and a black band running from the forehead across the eye and running down the head to form a necklace that encloses a white throat. The species has been introduced into many other places and feral populations have established themselves in parts of North America and New Zealand. This bird can be found in parts of Middle East and South Asia.

The chukar is a rotund 32to35 cm long partridge, with a light brown back, grey breast, and buff belly. The shades vary across the various populations. The face is white with a black gorget. It has rufous-streaked flanks, red legs and coral red bill. Sexes are similar, the female slightly smaller in size and lacking the spur.The tail has 14 feathers, the third primary is the longest while the first is level with the fifth and sixth primaries.

It is very similar to the rock partridge (Alectoris graeca) with which it has been lumped in the past but is browner on the back and has a yellowish tinge to the foreneck. The sharply defined gorget distinguishes this species from the red-legged partridge which has the black collar breaking into dark streaks near the breast. Their song is a noisy chuck-chuck-chukar-chukar from which the name is derived. The Barbary partridge (Alectoris barbara) has a reddish-brown rather than black collar with a grey throat and face with a chestnut crown.

Other common names of this bird include chukker (chuker or chukor), Indian chukar and keklik.

Feeding Behavior
Feeds mostly on ground, but will climb into shrubs and trees for berries. Forages in flocks in winter.


Eggs
8-14, sometimes 6-20 or even more. Pale yellow to buff, spotted with reddish-brown. Incubation typically by female only, 22-24 days. Perhaps sometimes female may lay two separate clutches of eggs, and male may incubate one while female incubates the other. Young: Leave nest shortly after hatching. Tended by one parent (usually female) or by both; role of the male in raising young still not well understood. Young mostly find their own food. Able to fly at 7-10 days, reach full size in about 2 months.


Young
Leave nest shortly after hatching. Tended by one parent (usually female) or by both; role of the male in raising young still not well understood. Young mostly find their own food. Able to fly at 7-10 days, reach full size in about 2 months.



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مع تحيات منتديات عالم الطبيعة
أفريقيانية : Asiatiese Patrys, Kleinrooivalk
عربية : الشنار (الحجل), الشنّار
أذربيجانية : Kelik
بلغارية : Планински кеклик, Тракийски кеклик
كاتالانية : Perdiu chukar, Perdiu grega
Catalan (Balears): Perdiu grega
تشيكية : Orebice cukar, orebice čukar, Orebice horská
الدانماركية: Chukarhøne
ألمانية : Chukar Steinhuhn, Chukarhuhn, Chukarsteinhuhn, Steinhuhn
يونانية : Νησιώτικη πέρδικα, Περδίκι
Greek (Cypriot): Περδίκι
إنجليزية : Chucor, Chukar, Chukar Partridge, Chukor, Chukor Partridge, Indian Chukor, Rock partridge
English (India): Chukar Partridge
إسبيرنتو : Rokperdriko
إسبانية : Perdiz Chucar, Perdiz chúcar, Perdiz chukar, Perdiz turca
Spanish (Spain): Perdiz Chucar
Spanish (Mexico): perdiz chukar
إستونية : aasia kivikana, Kalju kivikana
فارسية : کبک معمولی
فنلندية : Vuoripyy
فرنسية : Perdrix bartavelle, Perdrix choukar, Perdrix chukar
إيرلندية : Patraisc tiucair
عبرية : חגלה, חגלה הסלע, חגלת הסלעים, חוגלה, חוגלת סלעים
كرواتية : Čukar, Čukara, Istočna jarebica
هنغارية : Csukár
أرمنية : [Karakakav ], Քարակաքավ
إيسلندية : Berghæna
إيطالية : Choukar, Chukar, Ciukar, Coturnice, Coturnice orientale
يابانية : iwashako, Iwa-shako
اليابانية: イワシャコ
Japanese (Kanji): 岩鷓鴣
جورجية : კაკაბი
كازاخستانية : Кекілік, Ұлар
Kazakh (Transliteration): kekilik
لاتينية : Alectoris chukar, Alectoris chukar kakelik, Alectoris graeca, Perdix chukar
ليتوانية : Akmeninis keklikas, Kalninis keklikas, Keklikas
لاتفية : čukora
ماسيدونية : Еребица, Еребица камењарка
منغولية : Хахилаг, Эрээнхавирга хахилаг
Mongolian (Bichig): ᠡᠷᠢᠶᠠᠨ ᠬᠠᠪᠢᠷᠠᠭ᠎ᠠ ᠬᠠᠬᠢᠯᠠᠭ
Mongolian (Bichig, Inner Mongolia): ᠬᠠᠬᠢᠯᠠᠭ
Mongolian (Cyrillic, Inner Mongolia): Гогоо тахиа, Хушуу улаан ятуу
Mongolian (Transliteration): ereeŋ-khav'rag khakh'lag, gogoo takhia, khakh'lag, khoshuu ulaaŋ yatuu
هولندية : Aziatische Steen Patrijs, Aziatische Steenpartijs, Aziatische Steenpatrijs, Chukar patrijs, Steenpatrijs
نرويجية : Balkanhøne, Berghøne, Steinhøne
بولندية : góropatwa azjatycka, Góropatwa skalna, Kuropatwa górska, Kuropatwa skalna
Pinyin: shí-jī
برتغالية : perdiz chukar, Perdiz-chucar, Perdiz-chukar
Portuguese (Portugal): Perdiz-chucar
Romansh: pernisch da gonda
روسية : Keklik, Азиатская каменная куропатка, Азиатский кэклик, Каменная куропатка, Кеклик
سندية : ٽجټ ډٮم ڃًي
سلوفاكية : kuropatka horská, kuropta čukar, Kuropta horská
سلوفينية : turška kotorna
صربية : Jarebica kamenjarka, Turska kamenjarka, Јаребица каменјарка
سويدية : Berghöna, Stenhöna
تركية : Kaya Kekliği, Kaya Keklişi, Kayakekliği, Keklik, Kınalı keklik, Kırmızı Keklik, kynaly keklik, Taşkekliği, Кекілік
Tuvinian: Даг торлаазы, Кеклик
أوكرانية : Кеклик
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